Science About the True Nature of Earth and Universe
"The purpose of science is to
discover the true nature of Earth and Universe and to share that
knowledge with people everywhere. That's what I do."
J. Marvin Herndon, Ph.D.
Humans tend to be creatures of habit, plodding along through time, eagerly looking toward the future, but rarely looking with question at circumstances from the past which have set them on their present course. Much of astrophysics and geophysics has been built upon flawed ideas that are 40 or more years old. J. Marvin Herndon, pictured at left, has discovered and corrected past flaws. The consequence is a whole different way of understanding Earth and Universe that is securely anchored to the properties of matter. Sharing that understanding is what this website is all about.
J. Marvin Herndon's Scientific Discoveries and Insights with Descriptions, References, and Download Links (click here) Email link: J. Marvin Herndon Brief Biography: (click here)
|Ongoing Coal-Fly-Ash Toxic Chemical Geoengineeringing|
|New Scientific Paper: J. Marvin Herndon, Evidence of Coal-Fly-Ash Toxic Chemical Geoengineering in the Troposphere: Consequences for Public Health, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2015, 12(8), 9375-9390. click here for Public Rejection of IJERPH retraction; click here for Author's Error-Corrected Version; click here for Pre-retraction Version.|
|New Press Release: English Español|
Aluminum Poisoning of
Humanity and Earth's Biota (click here)
Scientific Paper: J. Marvin Herndon, Aluminum Poisoning of Humanity and Earth's Biota by Clandestine Geoengineering: Implications for India. (click here for pdf), Current Science, 2015, 108(12), 2173-2177. Español Français Italiano
Current Science is published in association with the Indian Academy of Sciences since 1932.
WebPage: Science Magazine Geoengineering Non-Debate: Ignorance is not an Option, but Neither is Deceit (click here)
WebPage: Communications with San Diego Officials (click here)
WebPage: Partial list of websites reporting toxic spraying (click here)
Frompovich Interview: Weather Geoengineering, Chemtrails, Aluminum and Alzheimer’s: The Four Horsemen of the Weather Apocalypse (click here)
|new book ● Herndon's Earth and the Dark Side of Science|
From Earth’s early formation as a Jupiter-like gas giant, J. Marvin Herndon is able to derive virtually all of the geological and geodynamic behavior of our planet, including the origin of mountains characterized by folding, the primary initiation of fjords and submarine canyons, the origin of continents and oceans, seafloor topography without mantle convection, Earth’s internal composition, its previously unanticipated and potentially variable energy sources, its variable magnetic field, petroleum and natural gas deposits, and the non-anthropogenic basis of atmospheric carbon dioxide increases. Further, he reveals the flaws that underlie academic geoscience and the pseudo-science that is the basis for the anthropogenic (human caused) global warming / climate change / geoengineering malevolent agenda.
|Nuclear Fission Georeactor at Earth's Center|
Marvin Herndon's discovery of the highly reduced, low-oxygen, chemical
composition of Earth's interior led to the understanding of why
substantial quantities of uranium would occur in Earth's core, settle by
the action of gravity to the center of the Earth, and begin to function
as a natural nuclear reactor. He demonstrated the feasibility of
a natural nuclear fission reactor, called the georeactor, at Earth's
center and provided evidence of its existence. For more details,
references, and links to download scientific papers, please check out
the following WebPages:
WebPage: Herndon's Nuclear Georeactor (click here)
WebPage: Frequently Asked Questions about Earth's Georeactor (click here)
Many first learned about the georeactor from the cover feature of the August 2002 issue of Discover magazine, entitled "Nuclear Planet". For a link to that article, click here
|Georeactor Origin of Earth's Magnetic Field|
more than six decades, scientists have thought that the Earth's magnetic
field is generated by convection-driven dynamo-action in the Earth's
fluid core. Then, J. Marvin Herndon demonstrated that sustained
convection, and hence dynamo-action, in the Earth's fluid core is
physically impossible, but not physically impossible in
the georeactor. The georeactor is thus the energy source and the place
of dynamo production of the geomagnetic field. Significantly, the
georeactor is only one ten-millionth as massive as the Earth's core,
meaning that changes in the geomagnetic field, such as reversals, can
take place much more rapidly than previously thought.
New Review Article: Terracentric Nuclear Fission Georeactor (click here for pdf) Current Science, 2014, 106(4), 528-541.
Physical Impossibility of Earth-core Convection (click here)
Convection-driven Dynamo-action in the Georeactor as the Origin of the Geomagnetic Field (click here)
Important Paper: J. Marvin Herndon, Nuclear georeactor generation of the Earth's geomagnetic field. (click here for pdf), Current Science, 2007, 93,1485-1487.
For Teachers: Teaching Students to Question Earth-Core Convection (click here)
YouTube Video: Origin of Earth's Magnetic Field (click here) Download .mp4 video file (click here)
New eBook: Origin of the Geomagnetic Field: Consequence of Earth's Early Formation as a Jupiter-Like Gas Giant Available from Thinker Media
|Earth's Interior Composition|
The textbook description of Earth's interior is
based upon a 1940's incorrect idea, namely, that the Earth resembles an
ordinary chondrite meteorite, and was developed on the
basis of physics without chemistry. J.
Marvin Herndon has corrected that, showing: (1) Only an
enstatite chondrite, not an ordinary chondrite, has the sufficient
relative amount of iron-alloy for Earth's massive core; and, (2)
The relative masses of enstatite chondrite minerals match precisely
corresponding masses of deep-Earth parts. In doing so, Herndon united chemical and physical
inferences for Earth-matter below the depth of 660 km and provided a
logical and quantitative explanation of the composition of the
"seismically rough" matter at D'', the boundary between the Earth's core
and lower mantle, as being low density, high melting-point magnesium and
calcium sulfides, precipitates from the Earth's core. For details, references, and links
to download scientific papers, please check out the following
Herndon's Nickel Silicide Inner Core Composition (click here)
Herndon's Composition of Earth's Interior Parts Below 660 km (click here)
Herndon's Composition of D'' (click here)
Deep-Earth Oxidation State (click here)
Answered Questions about Earth's Interior Composition (click here)
New eBook: What Meteorites Tell Us About Earth Available from Thinker Media
Important Paper: J. Marvin Herndon, Geodynamic basis of heat transport in the Earth. (click here for pdf), Current Science, 2011, 101,1440-1450.
|Early Earth Formation as a Jupiter-like Gas Giant|
Marvin Herndon's concept of Earth originally having formed as a
Jupiter-like gas giant leads to a new vision of Earth's internal
composition, new geodynamics
that correct and extend plate tectonics,
powerful new energy sources (stored energy of protoplanetary compression
and nuclear fission georeactor energy), georeactor magnetic field generation,
and a new concept for the formation of fold-mountain ranges that does
not necessitate plate collisions.
In short, a whole new indivisible geoscience paradigm, securely anchored
to the properties of matter as described in detail under various
relevant headings below on this website.
Figure at left illustrates Earth's early formation as a Jupiter-like gas giant, from left to right: 1) Earth condensing inside a giant gaseous protoplanet; 2) Fully formed gas-giant Earth; 3) Gases striped away by T-Tauri solar wind; 4) Ancient Compressed Earth (64% present diameter); 5) Present Earth; 6) Jupiter for size comparison. For more details, references, and links to download scientific papers, please check out the following
Earth's Early Formation as a Jupiter-like Gas Giant (click here)
Quick Overview of Herndon's New Indivisible Geoscience Paradigm (click here)
New eBook: Indivisible Earth: Consequences of Earth's Early Formation as a Jupiter-Like Gas Giant, edited by Lynn Margulis, Available from Thinker Media
Tribute to Lynn Margulis (click here)
Preface (click here)
|Whole-Earth Decompression Dynamics|
|If animation below stops, please refresh page. For Windows, press F5.|
dynamics of Earth, a direct consequence of its early gas-giant origin,
is described by J. Marvin Herndon's new geodynamic theory, Whole-Earth
Decompression Dynamics, which gives rise to the myriad measurements and
observations attributed to plate tectonics, but
without requiring mantle
convection, as illustrated by the animation at left. Beyond plate tectonics, Whole-Earth
Decompression Dynamics provides: (1) Two
powerful, unanticipated energy sources; (2) An
unanticipated means of heat emplacement at the base of the crust; and,
(3) A new basis for understanding: (i)
Geological activity; (ii)
Emplacement of petroleum and natural gas deposits; (iii)
Submarine troughs; (iv)
Initiation of submarine canyons; (v)
Broadened view of mountain-formation; and (vi)
Much more. Significantly, Whole-Earth
Decompression Dynamics provides a logical and causally related
explanation of why only about 41% of Earth's surface consists of
continental rock with the balance being ocean floor basalt and provides
an explanation of core formation without whole-planet melting with its
"magma ocean". For details, references, and links
to download scientific papers, please check out the following
Whole-Earth Decompression Dynamics (click here)
New Indivisible Geoscience Paradigm (click here)
New eBook: Beyond Plate Tectonics: Consequence of Earth's Early Formation as a Jupiter-Like Gas Giant Available from Thinker Media
J. Marvin Herndon, Whole-Earth decompression dynamics. (click here for pdf), Current Science, 2005, 89,1937-1941.
J. Marvin Herndon, Energy for geodynamics: Mantle decompression thermal tsunami. (click here for pdf), Current Science, 2006, 90,1605-1606.
J. Marvin Herndon, Geodynamic basis of heat transport in the Earth. (click here for pdf), Current Science, 101,1440-1450 (2011).
J. Marvin Herndon, Origin of mountains and primary initiation of submarine canyons: the consequences of Earth's early formation as a Jupiter-like gas giant. (click here for pdf), Current Science, 2012, 102,1370-1372.
J. Marvin Herndon, Fictitious Supercontinent Cycles (click here for pdf), arXiv 1302.1425
21st Century Earth Dynamics Part 1 (click here) Download .wmv video file Part 1 (click here)
21st Century Earth Dynamics Part 2 (click here) Download .wmv video file Part 2 (click here)
|Oil and Gas Exploration Implications|
geology of planet Earth according to Herndon's Whole-Earth Decompression
Dynamics (WEDD) is primarily the consequence of two processes: (1)
The progressive formation of surface cracks to increase surface area in response
to decompression-increased planetary volume, and; (2) The
progressive adjustment of surface curvature in response to
decompression-increased planetary volume.
Crustal fragmentation, called rifting, provides all of the crucial components
for petroleum-deposit formation: basin, reservoir, source, and seal. Rifting
causes the formation of deep basins, as presently occurring in the Afar triangle
of Northeastern Africa. Augmented by georeactor heat channeled upwards from deep within the
Earth, uplift from sub-surface swelling can sequester sea-flooded lands to form
halite evaporite deposits, can lead to dome formation, and can make elevated land
susceptible to erosion processes, thus providing sedimentary material for
reservoir rock in-filling of basins. Moreover, crustal fragmentation potentially
exposes deep basins to sources of abiotic mantle methane and, although still
controversial, methane-derived hydrocarbons. For more details, see the
WEDD Implications for Petroleum and
Natural Gas Origination (click here)
For more details, see the following WebPage: WEDD Implications for Petroleum and Natural Gas Origination (click here)
|Important Paper: J. Marvin Herndon, Impact of recent discoveries on petroleum and natural gas exploration: Emphasis on India. Current Science, 2010, 98, 772-779. (click here for pdf)|
|Origin of Mountains and Primary Initiation of Submarine Canyons|
systems characterized by folding have been the intensively studied and
debated since the 19th Century. The age-old problem of fold-mountain
formation reduces to this question: How can one account for the “extra”
surface area, contained within the continental boundaries, that
observations reveal folded atop other layers? In plate tectonics
continent requisite plate collisions are assumed to "elongate"
continents leading to "extra" surface area thought to be necessary for fold-mountain
formation. But, as revealed by J. Marvin Herndon, fold-mountain
formation is a natural consequence of Earth's early formation as a
Jupiter-like gas-giant and does not necessarily require plate collision.
Fold-mountain formation results from decompression-caused surface
curvature changes, illustrated at right. For more
WebPage: Origin of Mountains and Primary Initiation of Submarine Canyons (click here).
Important Paper: Origin of mountains and primary initiation of submarine canyons: the consequences of Earth's early formation as a Jupiter-like gas giant. (click here for pdf) Current Science, 2012, 102, 1370-1372.
|Fictitious Supercontinent Cycles|
Descriptions of phenomena, events, or processes made on the basis of problematic paradigms can be unreasonably complex (e.g. epicycles) or simply wrong (e.g. ultraviolet catastrophe). Supercontinent cycles, also called Wilson cycles, are, J. Marvin Herndon submits, artificial constructs, like epicycles. Herndon provides the basis for that assertion and describes published considerations from a fundamentally different, new, indivisible geoscience paradigm which obviate the necessity for assuming supercontinent cycles.
Important Paper: J. Marvin Herndon, Fictitious Supercontinent Cycles (click here for pdf) arXiv 1302.1425
|New Indivisible Planetary Science Paradigm|
The visionary evolutionist, Lynn Margulis, taught the importance of envisioning the Earth as a whole, rather than as unrelated segments spread among various scientific specialties. In that spirit, and in the broader framework of the Solar System, J. Marvin Herndon presents a new, indivisible planetary science paradigm, a wholly self-consistent vision of the nature of matter in the Solar System, and dynamics and energy sources of planets which differs profoundly from the half-century old, popular, but problematic paradigm. This is a new foundation from which much development is possible.
Important Paper: J. Marvin Herndon, New Indivisible Planetary Science Paradigm (click here for pdf) Current Science, 2013, 105(4), 450-460.
Abstract: I present here a new, indivisible planetary science paradigm, a wholly self-consistent vision of the nature of matter in the Solar System, and dynamics and energy sources of planets. Massive-core planets formed by condensing and raining-out from within giant gaseous protoplanets at high pressures and high temperatures. Earth’s complete condensation included a ~300 Earth-mass gigantic gas/ice shell that compressed the rocky kernel to about 66% of Earth’s present diameter. T-Tauri eruptions stripped the gases away from the inner planets and stripped a portion of Mercury’s incompletely condensed protoplanet, and transported it to the region between Mars and Jupiter where it fused with in-falling oxidized condensate from the outer regions of the Solar System and formed the parent matter of ordinary chondrite meteorites, the main-Belt asteroids, and veneer for the inner planets, especially Mars. In response to decompression-driven planetary volume increases, cracks form to increase surface area and mountain ranges characterized by folding form to accommodate changes in curvature. The differences between the inner planets are primarily the consequence of different degrees of protoplanetary compression. The internal composition of Mercury is calculated by analogy with Earth. The rationale is provided for Mars potentially having a greater subsurface water reservoir capacity than before realized.
|Major Developments Related to the Solar System|
For twenty years, NASA-funded scientists were unable to explain in a logical, causally related way why Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune radiate about twice as much energy as they receive from the Sun. Then, J. Marvin Herndon published the concept of planetocentric nuclear fission reactors as the cause.WebPage: Feasibility of Nuclear Reactors in the Giant Outer Planets (click here)
Herndon followed by demonstrating the feasibility and providing evidence for a natural nuclear fission reactor, the georeactor, at the center of Earth as the energy source and production mechanism for the geomagnetic field:
Natural nuclear fission reactors may provide reasonable explanations for other "NASA mysteries" including: (1) Our Moon having a soft or molten core; (2) Tiny planet Mercury having a magnetic field; (3) Mars displaying evidence of an ancient magnetic field; (4) Our Moon displaying evidence of an ancient magnetic field; (5) Jupiter’s moon Ganymede having an internally generated magnetic field; (6) Jupiter's moon Io being extremely volcanic; (7) Saturn’s moon Enceladus showing evidence of internal heating; and, (8) Evidence of internal heat generation in Pluto’s moon Charon:
Important Paper: Herndon, J. M., Nature of planetary matter and magnetic field generation in the Solar System. (click here for pdf) Current Science, 2009, 96, 1033-1039.
J. Marvin Herndon discovered a fundamental relationship using published whole-rock chondrite molar Mg/Fe and Si/Fe ratios. This relationship admits the possibility that ordinary chondrite meteorites are derived from two components: one is a relatively undifferentiated, primitive component, oxidized like the CI or C1 carbonaceous chondrites; the other is a somewhat differentiated, planetary component, with oxidation state like the highly reduced enstatite chondrites. Such a picture would seem to explain for the ordinary chondrites, their major element compositions, their intermediate states of oxidation, and their ubiquitous deficiencies of refractory siderophile elements. J. Marvin Herndon suggested that the planetary component of ordinary chondrite formation consists of planet Mercury’s missing complement of elements.
Important Paper: Herndon, J. M., Discovery of fundamental mass ratio relationships of whole-rock chondritic major elements: Implications on ordinary chondrite formation and on planet Mercury's composition. (Click here for pdf) Current Science, 2007, 93, 394-399.
|MESSENGER Mercury Hollows Explained by Hydrogen Geysers|
The MESSENGER spacecraft currently orbiting Mercury sent back images of recent volatile-related activity on Mercury's surface characterized by pits associated with highly reflective surface material that puzzled NASA scientists. In a recent scientific communication, J. Marvin Herndon proposed an explanation. If Mercury's core material condensed from primordial matter at pressures of one atmosphere or more, iron would condense as a liquid capable of dissolving copious amounts of hydrogen. Later, as Mercury's core solidified, the hydrogen would be released and would escape at the surface, producing hydrogen geysers, forming the observed pits, and reducing iron sulfide to metal, thus accounting for the associated highly reflective material.
Important Paper: Herndon, J. M., Hydrogen geysers: explanation for observed evidence of geologically recent volatile-related activity on Mercury's surface. (click here for pdf) Current Science, 2012, 103, 361-362.
|Major Developments Related to Stars, Galaxies, and Exo-planets|
More than seven decades ago, scientists thought they had solved the problem of how thermonuclear reactions in stars ignite automatically during formation. Later, although there were indications of serious problems, no one except J. Marvin Herndon, thought to ask "What's wrong with this picture?" and to re-think the problem. The result was realizing that thermonuclear reactions in stars, as in hydrogen bombs, are ignited by nuclear fission. Without fissionable elements to spark ignition, the stars remain dark.
Important Paper: Herndon, J. M., Planetary and protostellar nuclear fission: Implications for planetary change, stellar ignition and dark matter. (click here for pdf) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 1994, A455, 453-461.
Before Herndon, the characteristic features of galaxies were inexplicable, because astrophysics had been built upon a flawed foundation for more than seven decades, i.e., the belief that stars automatically ignite upon formation. Now, Herndon points the way toward understanding for the first time galactic luminous star distributions, which are a prominent, common feature of galaxies, making the galaxies appear as they do.
Important Paper: Herndon, J. M., New concept for internal heat production in hot Jupiter exo-planets, thermonuclear ignition of dark galaxies, and the basis for galactic luminous star distributions. (click here for pdf) Current Science, 2009, 96, 1453-1456.
|Methodologies for Making Scientific Discoveries|
one might ask, is J. Marvin Herndon, able to make so
many fundamental scientific discoveries? There are methodologies, not
taught in schools, that Herndon shares in his book, Maverick's Earth
and Universe click here,
and in his new paper, entitled "Inseparability of Science History and
WebPage: Time-Travel for Science Revolutions (click here) is a brief synopsis of Herndon's work describing one methodology for making revolutionary scientific discoveries which differs from the frequently discussed variations of the scientific method.
Important Paper: Herndon, J. M., Inseparability of Science History and Discovery (click here for pdf) History of Geo- and Space Sciences, 2010, 1, 25-40.
|Science Suppression and Misrepresentation|
is about truth, not deception, not to the scientific community and not
to the general public. Science provides a
truth-standard, securely anchored in the properties of matter. J. Marvin Herndon reveals the causes
and extent of science corruption, suppression and misrepresentation and he proffers
WebPage: Science Suppression and Misrepresentation (click here)
|Special for Teachers and Lovers of Knowledge|
American Education Failure: The Cause and Cure (click here)
Foreword by J. Marvin Herndon to
McMenamin’s Translation from German of
Franz Kossmat (1924) (click here)
Download a copy of his 1933 book Vom wachsenden Erdball.
+Chapter 20 of the book Mars: Perspective Energy and Material Resources by J. Marvin Herndon "Perspectives on the Utilization of Martian Iron and Carbon Dioxide" (click here)
YouTube Video: Origin of Earth's Magnetic Field (click here) This video is best "watched in high quality" as it contains an experimental demonstration of why long-term convection, and hence dynamo-action, in the fluid core is impossible. Download .mp4 video file (click here).
YouTube Video: Lighting the Stars (click here) The nature of star ignition has been misunderstood since a mistake was made in the 1930s and subsequently built upon J. Marvin Herndon reveals the mistake and describes the rationale for his correcting it. (click here for notes and references) Download .wmv video file (click here).
YouTube Video: The Origin of Galaxies (click here) Observations arranged into a logical order reveal causal relationships leading to a new fundamental understanding of the origin of galaxies. Download .wmv video file (click here).
YouTube Video: No Mantle Convection!!! (click here) Plate tectonics theory is incomplete, providing no energy source for geodynamics and depends critically on the assumption of mantle convection. This video shows the reason that mantle convection is physically impossible. Download .wmv video file (click here).
YouTube Video: 21st Century Earth Dynamics Part 1 (click here) and 21st Century Earth Dynamics Part 2 (click here) This is a two-part video about a complete, new geodynamic theory, recently published in the scientific literature, called Whole-Earth Decompression Dynamics, that unifies and supersedes plate tectonics and Earth expansion theories. Download .wmv video file Part 1 (click here). Download .wmv video file Part 2 (click here).
+ Richard D. Oldham's Discovery of the Earth's Core (click here)
+ Inge Lehmann's Discovery of the Earth's Inner Core (click here)
+ Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann's Discovery of Nuclear Fission and Consequences (click here)
+ Paul K. Kuroda's Feasibility of Natural Nuclear Reactors in Uranium Mines (click here)
+ French Discovery of Fossil Natural Reactors at Oklo, Republic of Gabon (click here)
The scientific foundations described on this website have been published in the following, premiere scientific journals: Naturwissenschaften, Journal of Geomagnetism and Geoelectricity, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, Current Science, and Earth, Moon, and Planets. When an important new contradiction to prevailing ideas arises in the realm of ethical science, the new concept should be discussed and debated, subjected, if possible, to experimental and/or theoretical verification, refuted if wrong, or otherwise acknowledged. Scientists throughout the world are invited to ascribe to that standard. Secure in the belief that science and truth should go hand in hand with the freedom to learn about and to understand the world in which we live, this web site is dedicated to the dissemination of information to all people: to scientists and, especially, to interested persons everywhere.